STC Number - 477

General import restrictions on chocolate and cocoa products due to maximum levels of cadmium

Maintained by: Unspecified
Raised by: Peru
Supported by: Colombia; Ecuador
First date raised: June 2020 G/SPS/R/99 paras. 3.101-3.104
Dates subsequently raised:
Number of times subsequently raised: 0
Relevant documents: G/SPS/GEN/1792
Products covered: 18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations

Chocolate and cocoa products
Primary subject keyword: Food safety
Keywords: Maximum residue limits (MRLs); Sufficiency of scientific evidence; Contaminants; International Standards / Harmonization
Status: Not reported
Solution:
Date reported as resolved:

Extracts from SPS Committee meeting summary reports

In June 2020, Peru thanked Members supporting this specific trade concern and referred to document G/SPS/GEN/1792.

Colombia and Ecuador supported the concern.

Colombia provided the following statement: Colombia thanks Peru for raising this concern in the Committee. We agree with the statements made by Ecuador and Peru in this regard. We therefore fully support the call to ensure that the preparation of Codex standards is based on science and country representative data, taking into account actual levels of risk and exposure, in order to guarantee safety and avoid unjustified barriers to trade. We also urge WTO Members with already established maximum levels for cadmium in chocolate and cocoa products to review and adjust their regulations, under the principle of harmonization, taking into account the recommendations on maximum levels of cadmium in cocoa products of the Codex Committee on Contaminants in Foods.

Ecuador provided the following statement: Ecuador chairs the Electronic Working Group on Maximum Levels for Cadmium in Chocolate and Cocoa Products, with discussions on the matter taking place in the Committee on Food Contaminants under the auspices of the Codex Alimentarius. My delegation therefore supports Peru's statement and calls for decision-making in this process to be conducted in strict adherence to the Procedural Manual of the Codex Alimentarius Commission and the Statement of Principle Concerning the Role of Science in the Codex Decision-Making Process, so as to ensure that discussions are transparent, with a view to reaching a consensus that will lead to the adoption of international standards promoting consumer health and the establishment of fair practices in global food trade. In this connection, we agree with Peru on the need to have Members' support in setting maximum levels for the remaining categories.