STC Number - 464

Japan's restrictions on avocado

Maintained by: Japan
Raised by: Brazil
Supported by:
First date raised: July 2019 G/SPS/R/95 paras. 4.29-4.30
Dates subsequently raised:
Number of times subsequently raised: 0
Relevant documents: Raised orally
Products covered: 080440 - Avocados

Primary subject keyword: Plant Health
Keywords: Undue delays; Plant health; Risk assessment; Pest or Disease free Regions / Regionalization; Fruit fly
Status: Not reported
Date reported as resolved:

Extracts from SPS Committee meeting summary reports

In July 2019, Brazil raised this STC due to Japan's undue delay in concluding its pest risk analysis to open its market to Brazilian avocado, in violation of Articles 2.2, 3, 5.6 and Annex C of the SPS Agreement. Since Brazil had initiated talks in 2014, Japan had repeatedly requested additional information from Brazil, which had been provided. In 2019, Brazil had sent the required information and technical information necessary to conclude the risk analysis.

Japan responded that it needed to prevent the introduction of Mediterranean fruit fly, which it was free of. It had been lifting bans on avocado imports from countries after consultations, and was still in consultations with others. It had responded to Brazil's request to lift the ban on avocados in 2015, and had been communicating through various channels. Brazil was currently requesting to remove phytosanitary measures against Mediterranean fruit fly, and to allow exports of avocados from an area free of another fruit fly. In response to this request, in June 2019 Japan had asked Brazil to provide relevant information about that pest-free area, based on the SPS Agreement and the IPPC's guidelines. Japan looked forward to constructive discussions.