STC Number - 433

Turkey's restrictions on rough rice imports

Maintained by: Turkey
Raised by: United States of America
Supported by:
First date raised: November 2017 G/SPS/R/88 paras. 3.15-3.16
Dates subsequently raised:
Number of times subsequently raised: 0
Relevant documents: G/SPS/N/TUR/203
Products covered: 100610 - Rice in the husk (paddy or rough); 1006 Rice.

Rough rice
Primary subject keyword: Plant Health
Keywords: Plant health; Plant diseases; International Standards / Harmonization; Pests
Status: Not reported
Date reported as resolved:

Extracts from SPS Committee meeting summary reports

In November 2017, the United States raised concerns over Turkey's continued restrictions on rough rice imports due to Aphelenchoides besseyi, a nematode that was widespread in Turkey. The United States referred to IPPC standard ISPM No. 5, according to which a plant disease or pest could not be considered a quarantine pest if it was widespread within a given territory and not under official control, and to Article 2.3 of the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures. The United States highlighted its efforts to receive market access for rough rice under the same conditions that Turkey applied to its domestic industry. The United States regretted that Turkey had failed to provide scientific justification for the restrictions and requested that Turkey ensure that its rough rice import standards were consistent with its WTO obligations and aligned with international standards.

Turkey noted that the relevant regulation had been notified as G/SPS/N/TUR/203 and argued that it was in line with Article 7 of the IPPC, which granted countries the right to regulate in order to prevent the introduction and spread of pests in their territories. Turkey stressed its domestic quarantine measures and the limited existence of the organism in Turkey.