STC Number - 138

Pest risk assessment requirements

Maintained by: Argentina
Raised by: United States of America
Supported by: Canada; European Union; New Zealand
First date raised: November 2002 G/SPS/R/28 paras. 80-82
Dates subsequently raised:
Number of times subsequently raised: 0
Relevant documents: G/SPS/N/ARG/67 G/SPS/N/ARG/68
Products covered: 01 Live animals; 02 Meat and edible meat offal
Primary subject keyword: Animal Health
Keywords: Animal health; Equivalence
Status: Resolved
Solution: In October 2013, information was received from the United States on the resolution of this STC (RD/SPS/114, of 29 October 2020).
Date reported as resolved: 16/10/2013

Extracts from SPS Committee meeting summary reports

In November 2002, the representative of the United States recognized Argentina's efforts to develop a procedure governing the establishment of sanitary and phytosanitary requirements for products entering their territory. He sought clarification regarding several aspects of those procedures, in particular of the criteria to be used in determining whether or not a product tracing system through the production and marketing chain met the requirements of this measure. This measure also referred to mutual agreements under which Argentina authorized imports of animals and animal products. The United States was interested in learning more about existing agreements that Argentina might have concluded, as well as the criteria and procedures for future such agreements. Furthermore, the United States sought information on the role of equivalence under this measure. For example, when inspecting export establishments would Argentina recognize the overall inspections systems of exporting countries, or only verify compliance with Argentine requirements?

The representative of Canada stated that his country found certain elements of Argentina's measure to be unnecessarily trade restrictive, such as the requirement for an audited traceability system throughout the entire product and marketing chain for a wide range of products, live animals, reproductive material, soil dressing etc. Canada was concerned that all foreign establishments would be subject to prior inspection and authorization that was only valid for two years. This requirement provided no flexibility for cases where no risk problems were present, and could result in high costs to exporters. Canada requested information on the implementation of this measure. The representatives of New Zealand and of the European Communities supported the concerns raised by the United States and Canada and expressed a systemic interest in the issue.

The representative of Argentina requested the United States to provide its questions in writing. The notification was open for comments and the period for comments had been extended due to requests from trading partners. In response to the comments made by the European Communities, he noted that plants exporting meat to the European Communities were approved following a visit of EC experts, and then the conditions were maintained by Argentina.

In October 2013, the Secretariat informed that in September 2013 it had contacted all Members who had raised specific trade concerns (STCs) that had not been discussed in the previous year, to request an update on their status. In furtherance of this request, information was received from the United States on the resolution of this STC. In November 2020, the Secretariat indicated that the information received had been circulated in document RD/SPS/114, of 29 October 2020, and that the SPS IMS would be updated on this basis, using the date of the October 2013 SPS Committee meeting as the date of resolution of the relevant STCs.