STC Number - 115

Import restrictions for citrus and other fruits related to fruit fly

Maintained by: China
Raised by: Argentina
Supported by:
First date raised: March 2002 G/SPS/R/26, paras. 24-25
Dates subsequently raised: June 2002 (G/SPS/R/27, paras. 50-51)
March 2006 (G/SPS/R/40, para. 50)
Number of times subsequently raised: 2
Relevant documents: Raised orally
Products covered: 0805 Citrus fruit, fresh or dried.; 0810 Other fruit, fresh.
Primary subject keyword: Plant Health
Keywords: Plant health; Risk assessment; Pest or Disease free Regions / Regionalization; Equivalence
Status: Resolved
Solution: Argentina reported that this specific trade concern had been resolved.
Date reported as resolved: 01/03/2006

Extracts from SPS Committee meeting summary reports

Argentina noted that bilateral consultations were on-going with the Chinese authorities to overcome difficulties related to the export of apples, pears and citrus fruit to China due to the latter's fruit-fly restrictions. Various procedures, including the use of cold treatment, were being used to overcome these difficulties. Argentina requested the Chinese authorities to provide a list of outstanding questions related to risk assessment and further information requests.
China explained that Medfly and South American fruit fly had not been reported in China and that a risk assessment by Chinese experts had concluded that the risk of introducing these pests from Argentina was high. China was requesting Argentina to provide data on the efficacy of cold treatment against fruit flies and to demonstrate that it could provide an equivalent level of protection in comparison with importing from pest-free areas. China noted that establishing pest-free areas was not practicable for all pests, as recognized by the IPPC standard, and that countries with advanced research on fruit fly control and quarantine did not accept importation from countries where the pest had previously been present, even if they were currently pest-free. China was open to bilateral technical discussions and joint research with Argentina on this issue.
In June 2002, Argentina informed the Committee that despite having held bilateral consultations with China, the issue was not resolved. China indicated that it was prepared to consider alternative treatments, but had not yet received any technical data demonstrating that establishing pest free production places and cold treatment could provide equivalent protection to the establishment of pest-free areas.
In March 2006, Argentina reported that this specific trade concern had been resolved.