STC Number - 16

Restrictions on imports of wheat and fruit

Maintained by: Chile
Raised by: United States of America
Supported by:
First date raised: March 1997 G/SPS/R/7, paras. 18-19
Dates subsequently raised: July 2001 (G/SPS/R/22, para. 127)
October 2006 (G/SPS/R/43, para. 36)
Number of times subsequently raised: 2
Relevant documents: G/SPS/GN/14, G/SPS/GEN/265
Products covered: 08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons; 10 Cereals
Primary subject keyword: Plant Health
Keywords: Plant health
Status: Resolved
Solution: Import access granted for wheat and fruits
Date reported as resolved: 01/10/2006

Extracts from SPS Committee meeting summary reports

In March 1997, the United States expressed concerns that Chile's import requirements for wheat and fruit did not recognize regional conditions in line with the SPS Agreement, nor IPPC guidelines relating to pest-free areas. With respect to wheat, Chile replied that the United States had not asked to be recognized as free of tilletia indica (Karnal bunt). Regarding fruit, Chile stressed that it had recognized areas free of the fruit flies anastrepha fraterculus and ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) in California, which would facilitate the entry of US exports.
In July 2001, the United States reported that following bilateral discussion, Chile had removed restrictions on US wheat in October 1997 (G/SPS/GEN/265). Import access had also been granted for grapes, kiwis, avocados and lemons from California, apples and pears from Washington, and raspberries and shelled nuts from all US states. According to the United States, Chile was preparing new rules to allow imports of additional products. The United States was working with Chile on import conditions for other fruit.
In October 2006, the United States and Chile both reported that following bilateral discussions held in August 2006, concerns relating to phytosanitary measures applied to US fruit exports to Chile had been resolved.