STC Number - 27

Citrus canker

Maintained by: European Union
Raised by: Argentina
Supported by: Brazil; Chile; South Africa; Uruguay
First date raised: July 1997 G/SPS/R/8, paras. 30-31
Dates subsequently raised: March 1998 (G/SPS/R/10, paras. 6-8)
June 1998 (G/SPS/R/11, paras. 31-33)
Number of times subsequently raised: 2
Relevant documents: G/SPS/N/EEC/46, G/SPS/N/EEC/47, G/SPS/GEN/21, G/SPS/GEN/26
Products covered: 0805 Citrus fruit, fresh or dried.
Primary subject keyword: Plant Health
Keywords: Good Offices/Consultations/Dispute Settlement; Plant health; Equivalence
Status: Resolved
Solution: Measure revised.
Date reported as resolved: 01/03/2004

Extracts from SPS Committee meeting summary reports

In July 1997, Argentina requested bilateral consultations with EC experts on the proposed measure on citrus canker, and that the measure be suspended during these consultations. South Africa requested that the European Communities reassess its measures in light of the fact that South Africa was free from citrus canker. The European Communities noted that it was preparing a response to the Argentine concern, and was open to consultations with interested parties. The European Communities was moving from a system with internal restrictions in the production areas of Italy, Greece and Corsica to a truly single market with free movement of goods. With no restriction on internal movement of fruit, and considering the risk of introduction and the related economic consequences, alternative protection for the main producing areas had to be considered. This included monitoring requirements in the exporting country, treatment and certification. The European Communities considered that its measures were based on science and minimized trade effects.
In March 1998, the European Communities reported that, in response to constructive consultations organized by the Chairman and involving Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Brazil and South Africa, the measure had been revised and subsequently adopted. The revised text included the possibility for recognition of equivalent certification systems. Argentina agreed, but noted that negotiations on equivalence were not yet finished.
In June 1998, the European Communities indicated that it had come to the conclusion that, for the time being, Argentina could not objectively demonstrate the equivalence of its control measures with EC requirements. Argentina requested information on the risk assessment undertaken by the European Communities.
In March 2004, Argentina reported that the issue had been resolved with the European Communities.