STC Number - 468

The Russian Federation's maximum limit of 3-monochloropropanediol (3MCPD) and glycidyl ester (GE) in palm oil products

Maintained by: Russian Federation
Raised by: Indonesia
Supported by: Colombia; Malaysia
First date raised: November 2019 G/SPS/R/97, paras. 3.10-3.13
Dates subsequently raised:
Number of times subsequently raised: 0
Relevant documents: G/SPS/N/RUS/152
Products covered: 2106 Food preparations not elsewhere specified or included.; 11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten; 12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruit; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder; 1511 Palm oil and its fractions, whether or not refined, but not chemically modified.

Isolates, concentrates, hydrolysates, and texturates of vegetable protein; food meal and flour with different fat content from seeds of legumes, oil seeds, and non-traditional crops; palm oil products
Primary subject keyword: Food safety
Keywords: Consistency; Contaminants; Food additives; Food safety; Human health; International Standards / Harmonization; Maximum residue limits (MRLs); Modification of content/scope of regulation; Seeds
Status: Not reported
Solution:
Date reported as resolved:

Extracts from SPS Committee meeting summary reports

In November 2019, Indonesia expressed its concern regarding the maximum limit of 3MCPD in isolates, concentrates, hydrolysates, and texturates of vegetable protein; food meal and flour with different fat content from seeds of legumes, oil seeds, and non-traditional crops; and of GE in oils from vegetables, including palm oil. Indonesia referred to document G/SPS/N/RUS/152, containing the notification of the Russian Federation of the decision of the Eurasian Economic Commission (EEC) Collegium on amendments to the common sanitary, epidemiological and hygienic requirements for products subject to sanitary and epidemiological supervision, introducing an MRL in food products for 3MCPD, glycidol, and glycidol esters.

Indonesia explained that the MRL of 3MCPD was set at 0.02 mg/kg for several products; whereas the MRL for GE varied for food products for infants and was set to 1mg/kg for vegetable oils. Indonesia noted that Codex had not set any standard for 3MCPD and GE and it was not clear whether the measures were in line with the FAO/WHO evaluation. Indonesia invited the Russian Federation to provide its reasoning and scientific justification.

Malaysia and Colombia thanked Indonesia for raising the concern and expressed their interest to continue monitoring the development of the issue. They thanked the Russian Federation for the information it could provide on the said matter.

The Russian Federation highlighted that harmonizing its SPS measures with international standards, guidelines, and recommendations was one of its legislative priorities, shared by the Eurasian Economic Commission. The Russian announced that it had not applied new regulatory measures for vegetable oils. It explained that the issue under discussion at the Eurasian Economic Commission concerned vegetable oils for human consumption and food raw materials. This decision to set MRLs for some products was based on the FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives and other scientific evidence. The Russian Federation announced that these amendments had not entered into force, pending consecutive amendments to the MRLs for GE and 3MCPD. Once the draft amendments to the technical regulation were finalized, it would provide transitional periods to allow stakeholders to conform with the new requirements and would be available to Members for comments.