STC Number - 462

Viet Nam's general restrictions on imports (melons, live cattle, beef, and meat and bone meal)

Maintained by: Viet Nam
Raised by: Brazil
Supported by:
First date raised: July 2019 G/SPS/R/95, paras. 4.25-4.26
Dates subsequently raised:
Number of times subsequently raised: 0
Relevant documents: G/SPS/N/VNM/105
Products covered: 01 Live animals; 02 Meat and edible meat offal; 08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

Live cattle
Primary subject keyword: Other concerns
Keywords: Transparency; Control, Inspection and Approval Procedures; Certification, control and inspection; Undue delays; Risk assessment
Status: Not reported
Solution:
Date reported as resolved:

Extracts from SPS Committee meeting summary reports

In July 2019, Brazil remarked that Viet Nam had been imposing restrictions against several Brazilian products, through undue delays in the process of negotiating International Sanitary Certificates (ISC) and requiring more information than what was scientifically necessary to perform risk analysis. Brazil reported that the negotiations between Brazil and Viet Nam to open the market for live cattle had started in November 2015, when Brazil sent Viet Nam a proposal of an International Sanitary Certificate for the exports of live cattle. Brazil also sent Viet Nam the information they required in July 2016, and had provided all the necessary documents from 2016 to 2019. In September 2018, Vietnamese authorities had indicated that they were preparing for an on-site inspection in order to conclude the negotiations for opening the market to Brazilian live cattle. However, Brazil regretted that Viet Nam had recently sent another request for further information. Brazil noted that this procedure was similar to the one faced by its requests to export meat and bone meal and tropical fruits, and was not in compliance with Article 8 and Annex C of SPS Agreement.

Viet Nam stated its commitment to transparency and welcomed comments and feedback from all WTO Members. Regarding plant origin products and animal products from Brazil, Viet Nam recalled its 2018 Law on Crop Production and Law on Livestock Production. For plant origin products, Viet Nam had recently submitted notification G/SPS/N/VNM/105, replacing an older regulation. For import of products of animal origin, in 2018 Viet Nam's National Assembly had passed a new livestock law, amending the list of prohibited substances. Further, Viet Nam explained that a new notification could be submitted in July or August 2019. Viet Nam also referred to the limited capacity of its Department of Animal Health, which was working to provide the information requested. Viet Nam assured Brazil that it was not discriminating and looked forward to bilateral discussions.