STC Number - 14

Restrictions on imported wheat

Maintained by: Brazil
Raised by: United States of America
Supported by:
First date raised: March 1997 G/SPS/R/7, paras. 16-17
Dates subsequently raised: July 2001 (G/SPS/R/22, para. 127)
Number of times subsequently raised: 1
Relevant documents: G/SPS/GEN/265
Products covered: 1101 Wheat or meslin flour.
Primary subject keyword: Plant Health
Keywords: Plant health; Risk assessment
Status: Resolved
Solution: Import of certain classes of wheat allowed as of early 2001
Date reported as resolved: 01/07/2001

Extracts from SPS Committee meeting summary reports

In March 1997, the United States raised concern regarding Brazilian restrictions on wheat imports intended to prevent the establishment of the fungus tilletia controversa (TCK bunt or Dwarf bunt). However, a 1996 bilateral agreement was based on the understanding that the fungus in question could not be established in Brazil, and the United States was not aware of scientific evidence that might alter this conclusion. Brazil responded that it had implemented new legislation on risk assessment and risk management for several products as a result of harmonization efforts in the MERCOSUR context. Thus, a certificate of origin was required for wheat, to establish that the product originated in a pest-free zone. Scientific consultations between Brazilian and US experts had yet to produce a final report on the risk posed by tilletia controversa and tilletia indica (Karnal bunt). The 1996 bilateral agreement did not preclude Brazil from applying its internal legislation.
In July 2001, the United States reported that following extensive technical consultations, Brazil had issued new import instructions in early 2001 that allow import of certain classes of US wheat (G/SPS/GEN/265). The United States considered this trade concern resolved.