STC Number - 304

Proposed MRL for 1-Methylcyclopropene in bananas

Maintained by: Canada
Raised by: Ecuador
Supported by: Colombia; Costa Rica
First date raised: March 2010 G/SPS/R/58, paras. 49-51
Dates subsequently raised:
Number of times subsequently raised: 0
Relevant documents: G/SPS/N/CAN/413 and Corr.1; RD/SPS/28/Rev.1
Products covered: 08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons; 0803 Bananas, including plantains, fresh or dried.
Primary subject keyword: Food safety
Keywords: Food safety; Human health
Status: Partially resolved
Solution: Information was received from Ecuador on the partial resolution of this STC.
Date reported as resolved: 02/11/2017

Extracts from SPS Committee meeting summary reports

In March 2010, Ecuador expressed concerns with Canada's notification of 22 December 2009 regarding 1-methylcyclopropene in or on bananas. This product was used to prevent premature ripening of fruit due to ethylene exposure. This product was not registered with Ecuador's agricultural quality assurance agency AGROCALIDAD and Codex had not established an MRL for it. Consultations with the private sector had shown that exporting companies affiliated with the banana exporters' association of Ecuador did not use this product. Nevertheless, Ecuador was concerned about the notified regulation, which proposed an extremely low MRL and could thus become a trade barrier. Therefore, Ecuador requested an explanation of the scientific basis for the proposed MRL.
Colombia and Costa Rica shared Ecuador's concern, while the representative of Venezuela expressed a systemic interest in the issue.
Canada acknowledged Ecuador's concern and noted that Canada followed the transparency obligations to avoid unnecessary barriers to trade. The comment period on the notification had ended on 2 March 2010, and Canada had not received any comments, nor any requests for an extension of the deadline for comments. If Canada received a request for such an extension from Ecuador, the deadline would be extended.

In November 2017, the Secretariat informed that in September 2017 it had contacted all Members who had raised specific trade concerns (STCs) that had not been discussed in the previous year, to request an update on their status. In furtherance of this request, information was received from Ecuador on the partial resolution of this STC. The Secretariat indicated that the information received had been circulated in document RD/SPS/28 of 31 October 2017, and that the SPS IMS would be updated on this basis, using the date of the November 2017 SPS Committee meeting as the date of resolution of the relevant STCs.