STC Number - 132

Import restrictions on dairy products

Maintained by: Indonesia
Raised by: Argentina
Supported by:
First date raised: June 2002 G/SPS/R/27, paras. 17-18
Dates subsequently raised: November 2002 (G/SPS/R/28, paras. 54-55)
April 2003 (G/SPS/R/29, paras. 72-73)
June 2003 (G/SPS/R/30, para. 43)
March 2004 (G/SPS/R/33, paras. 50-51)
Number of times subsequently raised: 4
Relevant documents: G/SPS/GEN/324
Products covered: 04 Dairy produce; birds' eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included
Primary subject keyword: Animal Health
Keywords: Animal health; International Standards / Harmonization
Status: Resolved
Solution: Plants authorized to export to Indonesia
Date reported as resolved: 01/03/2004

Extracts from SPS Committee meeting summary reports

Argentina stated that as a result of the outbreak of FMD in 2001, Indonesia had banned imports of milk products, inconsistent with the SPS Agreement and OIE guidelines. The OIE Code stipulated that milk products be accepted if the sanitary authority of the exporting country certified that the necessary requirements had been introduced. Indonesian had not provided the opportunity for the Argentine National Agriculture and Food Quality and Health Service (SENASA) to certify the requirements set forth by the OIE. Indonesia indicated that import restrictions imposed on Argentina due to FMD only applied to fresh milk. Other dairy products, including skimmed milk, cream, butter, cheese and yoghurt, were not restricted. Restrictions on fresh milk were based on the fact that Argentina was not listed by the OIE as a country with zones free of FMD.
In November 2002, Argentina indicated that some practical difficulties still impeded Argentine dairy products, other than liquid milk, from entering Indonesia. Indonesia reported that as Argentina fulfilled the first provisions a questionnaire which would provided to them, Indonesia would send an inspection team to Argentina. Indonesia hoped that this would lead to a resolution of the problem.
In April 2003, Argentina reported that it had completed the questionnaire and extended an invitation to Indonesia but Indonesia had not yet sent an inspection team. Restrictions on imports of Argentine milk remained and Argentina requested clarification from Indonesia. Indonesia recalled that a questionnaire had been sent to Argentina on 27 January 2003. Out of five plants in Argentina, only one had the necessary controls. If Argentina could provide information on its control programmes, an investigating officer would be sent to conduct an on-site review of the plants in Argentina. Indonesia was confident that further bilateral efforts would resolve this issue.
In June 2003, Argentina reported that good progress had been made toward the resolution of the problem. Indonesia confirmed that the bilateral consultations had led to an agreement to send Indonesian inspectors to Argentina.
In March 2004, Argentina informed Members that Indonesian officials had conducted a risk analysis on Argentine dairy products and concluded that Argentina's exports did not pose a FMD threat. Restrictions on Argentina were lifted and this issue was considered resolved. Indonesia reported that an inspection team from Indonesia had visited Argentina on 12-20 January 2004 and Argentina's monitoring system with respect to FMD was found to be satisfactory. Two of the five plants inspected met Indonesia's requirements and were eligible to export milk powder to Indonesia as long as they continued to meet the OIE recommendations and guidelines.