STC Number - 138

Pest risk assessment requirements

Maintained by: Argentina
Raised by: United States of America
Supported by: Canada; European Union; New Zealand
First date raised: November 2002 G/SPS/R/28, paras. 80-82
Dates subsequently raised:
Number of times subsequently raised: 0
Relevant documents: G/SPS/N/ARG/67 and G/SPS/N/ARG/68
Products covered: 01 Live animals; 02 Meat and edible meat offal
Primary subject keyword: Animal Health
Keywords: Animal health; Equivalence
Status: Resolved
Solution:
Date reported as resolved: 16/10/2013

Extracts from SPS Committee meeting summary reports

The United States sought clarification on the criteria Argentina would use in determining whether or not a product tracing system through the production and marketing chain met the requirements of this measure. The measure also referred to mutual agreements under which Argentina authorized imports of animals and animal products and the United States requested information about existing agreements that Argentina might have concluded, as well as the criteria and procedures for future such agreements. Furthermore, the United States sought information on the role of equivalence under this measure, for example, would Argentina recognize the overall inspection systems of exporting countries, or only verify compliance with Argentine requirements?
Canada stated that certain elements of Argentina's measure were unnecessarily trade restrictive, such as the requirement for an audited traceability system throughout the entire product and marketing chain for a wide range of products, live animals, reproductive material, soil dressing etc. Canada was concerned that all foreign establishments would be subject to prior inspection and authorization that was only valid for two years. This requirement provided no flexibility for cases where no risk problems were present, and could result in high costs to exporters. The representatives of New Zealand and of the European Communities supported the concerns raised by the United States and Canada and expressed a systemic interest in the issue.
Argentina requested the United States to provide its questions in writing. The notification was open for comments and the period for comments had been extended due to requests from trading partners. Argentina noted that other countries, including the European Communities, approved plants for export to their markets only after visiting those plants.