STC Number - 230

Phytosanitary requirements on fresh oranges

Maintained by: Costa Rica
Raised by: Nicaragua
Supported by:
First date raised: October 2005 G/SPS/R/39, paras. 87-89
Dates subsequently raised:
Number of times subsequently raised: 0
Relevant documents: G/SPS/N/CRI/43
Products covered: 08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons; 0805 Citrus fruit, fresh or dried.
Primary subject keyword: Plant Health
Keywords: Plant health; Pest or Disease free Regions / Regionalization
Status: Resolved
Date reported as resolved: 16/10/2013

Extracts from SPS Committee meeting summary reports

In October 2005, Nicaragua reported that in mid-2005 competent authorities from Nicaragua and Costa Rica had put in place a bi-national technical team responsible for the prevention and eradication of Citrus leprosis, as well as the maintenance of citrus leprosis-free areas. The team had confirmed the presence of the Citrus leprosis in the south of Costa Rica and in the north of Nicaragua, as well as the Citrus leprosis-free status of south Nicaragua, the region containing commercial citrus fruits groves for export. The risk analysis by Costa Rica indicated mature fruits were not the pathway for the spread of the disease, hence imported fruits, which were mature, did not present any phytosanitary risk. The adoption by Costa Rica of an emergency prohibition on imports from Nicaragua was not justified and more trade restrictive than necessary to maintain Costa Rica's appropriate phytosanitary level of protection.
Costa Rica indicated that Nicaragua complied with the requirements as its fresh oranges originated from a pest-free area and Costa Rica had not prohibited oranges entering from Nicaragua.