STC Number - 46

Import prohibition of coconut palms and related products

Maintained by: Brazil
Raised by: Philippines
Supported by: Malaysia; Sri Lanka
First date raised: June 1998 G/SPS/R/11, paras. 25-26
Dates subsequently raised: September 1998 (G/SPS/R/12 and Corr.1, paras. 5-6)
Number of times subsequently raised: 1
Relevant documents: G/SPS/N/BRA/1
Products covered: 06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage; 0602 Other live plants (including their roots), cuttings and slips; mushroom spawn.
Primary subject keyword: Plant Health
Keywords: Plant health; Risk assessment
Status: Not reported
Date reported as resolved:

Extracts from SPS Committee meeting summary reports

In June 1998, the Philippines submitted a series of detailed questions to Brazil regarding its import prohibition of coconut palms and related products. Brazil answered that the measure was in place to prevent the spread of quarantine pests. Brazil continued to import coconut palms and related products from pest-free countries, if shipments were accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate, but only one country had applied for pest-free status. Brazil stressed that its measure was in conformity with the SPS Agreement and the text of the IPPC, and that the risk assessment methodology used had been notified.
In September 1998, the Philippines reported that it had received no clear answers from Brazil, and reiterated its questions. Brazil specified which diseases it was concerned about. Its phytosanitary requirements had been extended to desiccated coconut, as there was a risk of transmission of pests or exotic pathogens. Nonetheless, Brazil was prepared to discuss proposals for risk evaluation and recognition of pest-free areas.