STC Number - 5

Import requirements for wine

Maintained by: Brazil
Raised by: European Union
Supported by:
First date raised: May 1996 G/SPS/R/5, para. 13
Dates subsequently raised: March 1997 (G/SPS/R/7, para. 23)
Number of times subsequently raised: 1
Relevant documents: G/SPS/N/BRA/13/Rev.1, G/SPS/GEN/1269
Products covered: 2204 Wine of fresh grapes, including fortified wines; grape must other than that of heading 20.09.
Primary subject keyword: Food safety
Keywords: Equivalence; Food safety; Human health
Status: Resolved
Date reported as resolved: 16/10/2013

Extracts from SPS Committee meeting summary reports

In May 1996, the European Communities expressed concern that proposed Brazilian import requirements for wine had not been notified. The European Communities was concerned that Brazil was apparently requiring that establishments in exporting countries be inspected and approved by Brazilian authorities. The European Communities considered its own requirements for wine production to be at least equivalent to those in Brazil with respect to the safety of the product for the consumer, and planned to present written comments to Brazil once an SPS notification had been made.
In March 1997, the European Communities questioned Brazil's measure on wine exports, notified as G/SPS/N/BRA/13/Rev.1 on 6 February 1997, stating that it was not clear what requirements producers faced. The European Communities questioned whether inspection requirements for individual establishments were based on science, and expressed concern over certification requirements for individual consignments rather than more general, generic types of certification. Brazil noted that the proposed legislation would not be adopted before 16 May 1997, and that the full text of the proposed legislation was available from the Brazilian Enquiry Point. Although Brazil insisted that its legislation was in conformity with the SPS Agreement, and not substantially different from legislation in place in several European countries, it was open for bilateral discussions on the subject.