STC Number - 80

Restrictions on poultry meat imports

Maintained by: Bolivia, Plurinational State of
Raised by: Chile
Supported by:
First date raised: November 2000 G/SPS/R/20, para. 94
Dates subsequently raised: March 2001 (G/SPS/R/21, paras. 33-35)
July 2001 (G/SPS/R/22, para. 132)
Number of times subsequently raised: 2
Relevant documents: Raised orally
Products covered: 0207 Meat and edible offal, of the poultry of heading 01.05, fresh, chilled or frozen.
Primary subject keyword: Animal Health
Keywords: Animal health
Status: Resolved
Solution: Agreement on a protocol and progress reported in July 2001
Date reported as resolved: 01/07/2001

Extracts from SPS Committee meeting summary reports

In November 2000, Chile reported that in August 2000 it had consulted with the authorities of Bolivia, in the context of Article 5.8 of the SPS Agreement, regarding requirements on poultry meat imports with respect to Inclusion body hepatitis. This disease was endemic to Bolivia and restrictions on imports from Chile were not justified. Chile hoped that this issue would soon be resolved. The representative of Bolivia indicated that he would transmit this information to his authorities.
In March 2001, Chile noted that Bolivia had failed to notify the measure, and requested that a scientific risk assessment be carried out as quickly as possible. Bilateral discussions on the issue had ceased since August 2000. Bolivia explained that import conditions for poultry and other agricultural products had been changed because of problems which Inclusion body hepatitis caused in the bird population and the associated negative economic impact. During the last five years, Bolivia's state veterinary laboratories had determined the clinical absence of Inclusion body hepatitis in Bolivia, but the disease had been diagnosed in Chile. Regarding preventive vaccination, Bolivia stated that this was justifiable only if the virus was present on a farm. Secondly, total protection against the disease was only possible if the serotype present in the vaccination was the same as that present in farm strains. Thirdly, successful protection depended on other immuno-suppressant factors, and in Chile there was a risk of Avian infectious anaemia. Bolivia's National Food and Agricultural Health Service was revising the standard, and would inform Chile of the results. Bolivia wished to solve the matter expediently and to the benefit of both parties.
In July 2001, Chile informed the Committee that the sanitary authorities of both countries had agreed to work on a protocol, and thanked Bolivia for the progress made.